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Uzbekistan Mountaineering

Uzbekistan Mountain Hiking

Uzbekistan Mountain Trekking

Uzbekistan Mountain Climbing

Uzbekistan Rock Climbing

Uzbekistan Mountain Canyoning

Uzbekistan Mountain Waterfalling

Uzbekistan Skiing and Snowboarding

Heli-skiing

Uzbekistan Mountain Rafting

Uzbekistan Mountain Horseback-Riding

Chimgan Mountain Routes

Alpiniad in Chimgan -

Distances -

Tien-Shan Trekking (Chimgan, Pulathan)

West Tien-Shan




Kyrgyzstan Mountaineering

Experienced Climbing in Ala-Archa.

Heli skiing in Kyrgyzstan
Heli skiing in Kyrgyzstan


Climb Lenin Peak Expedition (7.134 m) Guaranteed departure date expedition with an experienced mountaineering guide
Climb Lenin Peak


Khan-Tengri Peak Expedition (7.010 m)
Guaranteed departure date expedition with an experienced mountaineering guide.
Khan-Tengri Peak Expedition (7010 m)


Pobeda Peak Expedition (7.439 m)
Pobeda Peak Expedition (7.439 m)




Tajikistan Mountaineering


China Mountaineering


Pakistan Mountaineering & fixed data expeditions

K-2 (8611-M)
Nanga Parbat (8126)
Spantik (7027)
Broad Peak (8047)
Gasherbrum-II (8035)
Muztagh-Ata Peak (7546) Expedition from Islamabad
More >>>


Nepal Mountaineering




Uzbekistan

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According to data of "Uzbektourism" the active forms of eco-tourism like rafting, hiking, trekking, rock climbing, speleology, horseback riding, and mountaineering come to 60 percent of all tourism in the Tashkent province. Locals, and also tourists from many other countries prefer mentioned activities in Uzbekistan Mountains near to Tashkent. Historical-cognitive tourism amounts about ten percent. Inactive forms of eco-tourism attract less than 30 per cent of tourists.
Reference: Mountain rafting and steppe hiking


Uzbekistan Mountain Hiking

Hiking

Uzbekistan Mountain Trekking

Trekking

Uzbekistan Mountain Canyoning

Canyoning

Tien-Shan Trekking - Trekking in the Tien Shan Mountains

Uzbekistan Mountain Climbing

Mountain Climbing

Uzbekistan Mountain Scrambling

Mountain Scrambling

Uzbekistan Mountain Waterfalling

Mountain Waterfalling

Trekking West Tien-Shan Mountains

Uzbekistan Rock Climbing

Rock Climbing

Ascending Uzbekistan Mountain peaks

Ascending Mountain Peaks

Uzbekistan Mountain Rafting

Rafting

Uzbekistan Snowboarding and Snow-skiing

Snowboarding and Snow-skiing

Uzbekistan Mountain Horseback-Riding

Horseback Riding


Mountaineering in Uzbekistan


Mountaineering is the sport, hobby or profession of walking, hiking, trekking and climbing up mountains. It is also sometimes known as alpinism, particularly in Europe. While it began as an all-out attempt to reach the highest point of unclimbed mountains, it has branched into specializations addressing different aspects of mountains and may now be said to consist of three aspects: rock-craft, snow-craft and skiing, depending on whether the route chosen is over rock, snow or ice. All require great athletic and technical ability, and experience is also very important.

Uzbekistan mountains


The mountains of Uzbekistan enter in structure of Tyan-Shan and Alay mountain systems. On territory turn the western spurs of Tyan-Shan and Gissar-Alay mountain system. To south and west they gradually lower and turn to plains.

Internal (tectonic) power of Earth formed folds grown the powerful ranges of mountains.

The mountains and foothills with brook relief, located in east and south-east part of Uzbekistan, where they unite with powerful mountain deep brook massive on territory of Kirgizya and Tadjikistan. Mainly this Ugam, Pskem, Chatkal, Kuramin ranges and their western and south-western spurs, concerning to Western Tyan-Shan system and Turkestan, Zerafshan and Gissar ranges with their continuous on south-western - Babatag and Kugintangtau ranges, concerning to Gissar-Alay system.

Entering on territory of Uzbekistan its spurs formed radiating bundle of mountain chains, constantly less in north-western and south-western directions. The character example is Karjantau, Maygashkan and Surenata ranges in western Tyan-Shan system and Nuratau, Aktau and Kuratau ranges and Karatepa and Ziadin-Zirabulak mountains, being the last of Pamir-Alay.

Entering in Western Tyan-Shan system the mountain ranges (Karjantau, Ugam, Pskem, Chatkal, Kuramin) began from Talass Alatau (on border with Kirgizstan), further as fan radiate from here and continuos to north-east to south-west.

The more high point of Talass Alatau is mountain Manas (4482m). The high point of Chatkal range on territory of Uzbekistan - Greater Chimgan peak (3309 m). Between Chatkal and Kuramin ranges located Akhangaran valley.

The apexes of Western Tyan-Shan covered with snow and glaciers.

The Chatkal and Kuramin ranges border on north with Fergana valley. From east she borders with Fergana range, from south with Alay and Turkestan ranges. To north-west from Turkestan range raises the Malguzar range, to south-west Chumkartau range. Only the north slopes of Chumkartau entering on territory of Uzbekistan. The valley of Sanzar river separate the Malguzar mountains from Nuratau mountains. The weak point in this valley named Tamerlan gates.

The Nuratau mountains stretch on 180 km. Their north slope is steep, the south slope is gently sloping. The high point of North part of Nuratau mountains is Khayatbashi apex (2165 m). The south part of Nuratau mountains consists from separate apexes (Aktau, Karatau, Karagatau, Gabduntau).

On the south and as parallel to Turkestan range located Zarafshan range. With self eastern part he entering on territory of Tadjikistan. On south from Zarafshan range located Gissar range and his south-western spurs (Yakkobag, Surkhantau, Kugikantau, Baysuntau, Chakgar and other). Here located the highest point of Uzbekistan - the Khazret Sultan (4643 m).

In western part of Gissar range are two glaciers - Batirbay and Severcev. On south of Uzbekistan along of border with Tadjikistan located Babatag range. The high point - Zarkasa (2292 m). The main features of orography of Uzbekistan connected with features of geological structure of above-mentioned the mountain systems.

This bond found expression in these, that between mountain ranges located spacious foothill and intermountain depressions, the large from which is Tashkent-Golodnosteppe, Fergana Zarafshan, Kashkadarya and Surkhandarya.


Uzbekistan Mountains near to Tashkent


Chimgan Mountains

The Chimgan Mountains are invariably attractive for mountaineers. The wide variety of Chimgan and its surroundings allows the activity in all kinds of mountaineering and landscape tourism. Mountains (Small and Greater Chimgan Peaks - 3,309 m) of Chatkal range, plateaus, the Black Waterfall (40 m) at the lower part of Greater Chimgan Peak, Gulkam and Novotasha waterfalls, attract a lot of tourists from Uzbekistan and abroad.


Ugam & Karjantau ridges

Another attractive place for mountaineering is situated on Ugam ridge and on the southern; slopes of the Karjantau ridge of the Western Tyan-Shan system.

 

There are following natural sites, which are of interest of mountaineers in area of Ugam & Karjantau ridges:

Peak Mingbulak (2,628 m) - the highest peak of the Karjantau ridge.

Qizilsuv waterfalls - the pictorial cascades that flow at the sinuous river gorges of Qizilsuv Mountain River.

Loquacious cave is located on plateau Ghiza, 20 km from village Humsan, in a funnel-shaped hollow. On the bottom of the hollow, in the exposure of grey limestone, there is a 1x1 m rectangular aperture transforming to a 1.5 m high sloping tunnel. Its floor is covered with lumps, ceiling being arcaded. This tunnel is 20 m long and leads to the inner larger part of the cave. A ladder is needed in order to proceed into the cave as there is a 6 m high prominence. Then the floor levels out, height reaching 20-30 m. The cave is so named due to a streamlet flowing through it.

Arkutsay exposure of loess stratum. The site is 3 km west of Humsan, on the right bank of the Ugam River. Section of the formation represents the wall of a small landslide breakaway and is a stratum of interstratifying loess-like loams of Quaternary and fossil soils horizons. The section is unique as it exposes more than 80 m thick deposition of rocks.

Kyrk-Kokyl waterfall (in Uzbek Kyrk-Kokyl means 40 plaits) pictorial waterfall at Pustonlyk confluent of Ugam River, 9 km from Humsan village.

Forms of Mountaineering applicable in Uzbekistan Mountains


Hiking


Hiking is an outdoor activity which consists of walking in natural environments, often on hiking trails. Hiking is one of the fundamental mountaineering activities on which many others are based. Many beautiful places in Uzbekistan Mountains can only be reached by hiking, and enthusiasts regard hiking as the best way to see nature. It is seen as better than a tour in a vehicle of any kind (or on an animal) because the hiker's senses are not intruded upon by distractions such as windows, engine noise, airborne dust and fellow passengers. Hiking over long distances or over difficult terrain does require some degree of physical ability and knowledge.


Trekking


Trekking combines hiking and camping in a single trip. A backpacker hikes into the backcountry to spend one or more nights there, and carries supplies and equipment to satisfy sleeping and eating needs.

 

A backpacking trip includes at least one overnight stay in the wilderness (otherwise it is a day hike). But long-distance expeditions may last weeks or months, sometimes aided by planned food and supply drops.

 

People are drawn to backpacking primarily for recreation, to explore places that they consider beautiful and fascinating, many of which cannot be accessed in any other way. A backpacker can travel deeper into remote areas, away from people and their effects, than a day-hiker can.

Trekking options in Uzbekistan Mountains


Winter backpacking. Ski touring and snowshoeing are alternative forms of hiking (overnight or otherwise) that can be engaged in when the ground is buried deeply in snow.

 

In animal packing ("horse packing", "donkey packing", etc.), the hikers use pack animals (usually horses or donkeys) to carry their equipment, and sometimes they will even ride the animals. Porters are sometimes hired for the same purpose.

 

Adventure tourism is travel in a region or environment that is, for one reason or another, highly unpredictable or hazardous.

 

Thru-hiking is traversing a long-distance trail in a single, continuous journey by starting at one end of the trail with a backpack and hiking essentially unaided to the other end.

 

Ultralight backpacking is a form of backpacking focused on minimizing the weight of the gear carried. It is often employed by long distance hikers.


Mountain climbing, Ascending Uzbekistan Mountain peaks


Mountain climbing - Ascending mountains for sport or recreation. It often involves rock and/or ice climbing.


Rock climbing: Ascending rock formations, often using climbing shoes and a chalk bag. Equipment such as ropes, bolts, nuts, hexes and camming devices are normally employed, either as a safeguard or for artificial aid.

 

Rock climbing is a sport in which participants climb up or across natural rock formations with the goal of reaching the summit of a formation or the endpoint of a pre-defined route. Rock climbing is similar to scrambling (another activity involving the scaling of hills and similar formations), but climbing is generally differentiated by its need for the use of the climber's hands to hold his or her own weight and not just provide balance.

 

Rock climbing is a physically and mentally demanding sport, one that often tests a climber's strength, endurance, agility, and balance along with his or her mental control. It can be a dangerous sport and knowledge of proper climbing techniques and usage of specialized climbing equipment is crucial for the safe completion of routes.

 

Bouldering is climbing on short, low routes without the use of the safety rope that is typical of most other styles. Protection, if used at all, typically consists of a cushioned bouldering pad below the route and/or a spotter, a person that watches from below and directs the fall of the climber away from hazardous areas.

 

Free climbing is climbing without the use of pre-set belays. One person (the leader) will start the climb carrying one end of the rope and will gradually attach it to additional anchors as he or she climbs, thereby establishing a belay system that progresses with the climb. Subtypes of free climbing are trad climbing and sport climbing.

 

Top roping is climbing with the protection of a rope that's already suspended through an anchor at the top of a route. A belayer controls the rope, keeping it taut, and prevents long falls.

 

Ice climbing: Ascending ice or hard snow formations using special equipment designed for the purpose, usually ice axes and crampons. Protective equipment is similar to rock climbing, although protective devices are different (ice screws, snow wedges).


Mixed climbing a combination of ice and rock climbing. Often involving specialized ice climbing slippers and specialized ice tools.

 

Scrambling (non-technical rock climbing also known as alpine scrambling) is a method of ascending rocky faces and ridges. It is a term that lies somewhere between hillwalking and rock climbing.


Canyoning


Canyoning (known as canyoneering in the U.S.) is traveling in canyons using a variety of techniques that may include walking, scrambling, climbing, jumping, abseiling, and/or swimming.

Although hiking down a canyon that is non-technical (canyon hiking) is often referred to as canyoneering, the terms canyoning and canyoneering are more often associated with technical descents those that require rappels (abseils) and ropework, technical climbing or down-climbing, technical jumps, and/or technical swims.

Canyoning is frequently done in remote and rugged settings and often requires navigational, route-finding and other wilderness travel skills.

Waterfalling


Waterfalling waterfall hunting and waterfall hiking is hiking with the purpose of finding and enjoying waterfalls.

Other active forms of sport and recreation in Uzbekistan Mountains


Snowboarding & Snow-skiing


Chimgan-Beldersay is the main skiing area in Uzbekistan, which is located in the mountains of Western Tien-Shan (90 km far from Tashkent). Chimgan in the best way approaches for family leisure with children, Beldersay is more appropriate for skilled skiers and snowboarders.

There are two double-chair ski lifts and some hoop lifts in Chimgan and Beldersay (5 km from Chimgan).

Length of the chair lift road in Chimgan - 800 m. Overfall of heights - 385 m. Length of the rope-tow - 570 m. Overfall of heights - 250 m.

Ski-tracks of Chimgan. Skiing resort Chimgan has several routes and type of complexities, a ski-track for beginning skiers, extended up to 1500 m has a rope-tow lift, considered as "blue" tracks long, flat, and easy. The ski-track for slalom is extended up to 900 m and equipped with chair lift and classified as a "red" track of mid level difficulty.

The highest point of Beldersay ski-track is located at the height of 2880 m. The snow here lays little bit longer, than in Chimgan: from December till May. Ski-tracks of Beldersay basically are intended for skilled mountain skiers, but there are also good conditions for beginners. Sharp-continental climate of area creates extreme temperatures and plentiful snowfalls which promote a high-quality snow cover. Descents are carried out from mountain Kumbel, which slopes in area of skiing have smoothed relief (steepness up to 30 degrees) without deep gorges and canyons. Archa and the deciduous woods grow on slopes alternating with open glades. Going up to the top of Kumbel mountain is carried out by chair lift road (length 2250 m) and further proceeds on rope-tow lift (length 700m). Ski-tracks for mass riding are laid out along the rope-tow and chair lifts. Free descents begin from the west side of Kumbel mountain directly from a crest of a ridge and come to an end in a vein of stream of Beldersay. Width of slopes for free descents up to 1 km, length of descents up to 5 km.

Beldersay (Mountain Kumbel). Highest point - 2880 m. Length of the ski-track - 3017 m. Overfall of heights - 765 m. Average bias of the ski-track - 27. Maximal bias - 52.1. Extension of the chair-lift - 2250 m. Overfall of heights - 565m. Extension of the rope-tow - 700m. Overfall of heights - 200m.

Heli-skiing


Uzbekistan has the advantage over the other regions of Heli-skiing on the territory of the former USSR (Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Caucasus, Altay, and Camchatka) because of sunny, warm and fine stable weather.

Heli-skiers make descends from summits of Ugam, Pskem and Chatkal mountain ranges (on the altitude 3000-4000 m.). The amplitude of descends 1,3 2 km; the length of the descending 5-10 km. Usually heli-skiers make 4-6 descends per day. The flight time from the hotel to the landing place 5-30 min. Tourists are accompanied with 2 guides. Each tourist must have his own special equipment (ski, beacons, first-aid medical set). Helicopter grounds are located near the hotel. The best time for skiing late January March.


Rafting


The rivers in the mountains of Uzbekistan have the level six of complexity. Rafting along the rapid Chatkal River is the favorite activity of extreme travelers. As contrasted with the routes down the Chatkal River, which involve parts, located on the territory of Kyrgyzstan, all routes of Oyga'ing, Pskem, Ugham and Ahangaran rivers are entirely located on the Uzbek territory.

The length of rafting route along the Ugham is 11 kilometers. The route starts from "Kristall" boarding house and finishes in the creek of the river where it flows into the Hojent water reservoir. On this section raft-men usually make a double trip down the river. The number of obstacles makes your experience really impressive: in some spots the stream will press you against the rocks, in others you'll need to raft sideways; and all the way down there are above-water rocks and submerged stones. All this is aggravated by the rapid current. However, in case of emergency situation, prompt mooring and urgent landing can be made at any length of the route.

Popular horseback routes in Uzbekistan Mountains near to Tashkent


One day riding along Pustonlyksay to the pass on plateau Ghiza (15 km, radial);

A several days riding along the Ugam ridge and down to the Nauvalisay river canyon and on to Sidjak (Pskem river valley, Charvak water reservoir);

A several days riding along the Ugam river to village Kiziltal (Kazakhstan).

One day riding to the head water of the Arkutsay Mountain River. View to the valley of the Chirchik River.


References:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountaineering
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761568485_3/Mountain_Climbing.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rock_climbing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trekking
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scrambling
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountain_climbing
http://www.parus87.com/Articles/Mountain_and_hiking.htm
http://www.parus87.com/Chimgan.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiking
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canyoning
http://www.parus87.com/mountain_climbers.htm


 
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